# Calculating the Speed of a Ski Jumper Before Landing

What is the speed of the ski jumper just before landing if they leave the top of the ramp with a resultant takeoff velocity of 38.3 m/s at an angle of 31 degrees and land at the same height as the takeoff point?

Final answer: To calculate the speed of the ski jumper just before landing, we need to break down the initial velocity into horizontal and vertical components and calculate the vertical component of the velocity just before landing.

## Understanding the Calculation:

**Initial Velocity Components:** The ski jumper leaves the ramp with a resultant takeoff velocity of 38.3 m/s at an angle of 31 degrees. This velocity can be broken down into horizontal and vertical components. The horizontal component remains constant, while the vertical component changes due to gravity.

## Calculating the Vertical Component:

**Vertical Displacement and Time of Flight:** By determining the vertical displacement and time of flight, we can find the vertical component of the velocity just before landing.

## Conservation of Energy:

**Speed before Landing:** The principle of conservation of energy states that in the absence of air resistance or friction, the speed of the ski jumper just before landing will be equal to their takeoff speed. Therefore, the ski jumper will land at a speed of 38.3 m/s.

By applying the principles of physics and conservation of energy, we can determine that the ski jumper will land with the same speed they took off. This calculation disregards air resistance or other forms of friction.