# Calculating Speed, Angle, and Time of a Kicked Ball

## How can we calculate the maximum speed at which the ball can be kicked?

A footballer is about to kick a free kick toward the goal. The ball is 25m away from the goal. The wall of players is 9m 19cm from the ball, and the ball must attain an elevation of 2m to clear the wall. If the goal is 2.4m high, how can we find the maximum speed?

## Calculating Maximum Speed:

In order to calculate the maximum speed at which the ball can be kicked, we can use the formula v = √((2d)/t).

To calculate the maximum speed with which the ball can be kicked, we need to use the equation for horizontal motion:

v = √((2d) / t)

Where v is the initial velocity, d is the distance to the goal (25m), and t is the time taken for the ball to reach the goal.

Since we want to find the maximum velocity, we should consider the time it takes for the ball to reach the goal, which is the longer solution obtained from using the quadratic formula.

By substituting the values of distance and time into the equation, we can calculate the maximum speed at which the ball can be kicked to achieve the desired elevation.

## How can we determine the initial angle at which the ball must be lifted?

Considering the requirements for the ball to clear the wall and reach the goal, how can we find the correct angle at which the ball must be lifted?

## Calculating Initial Angle:

In order to determine the initial angle at which the ball must be lifted, we can use the formula h = (vy^2) / (2g).

To find the initial angle at which the ball must be lifted, we use the equation for vertical motion:

h = (vy^2) / (2g)

Where h is the height the ball needs to reach above the goal (2m), g is the acceleration due to gravity, and vy is the vertical component of the initial velocity.

We can calculate the vertical component of the initial velocity using trigonometry and the maximum speed calculated previously. By solving for the initial angle, we can determine the correct angle at which the ball must be kicked to achieve the desired elevation.

## How can we find the time taken for the ball to reach the goal?

Once we have calculated the maximum speed and determined the initial angle, how can we find the time taken for the ball to reach the goal?

## Calculating Time Taken:

In order to find the time taken for the ball to reach the goal, we can use the formula d = vxt.

To calculate the time taken for the ball to reach the goal, we need to use the horizontal component of the initial velocity obtained from the maximum speed calculation, and the distance to the goal.

This allows us to solve for time using the equation for horizontal motion:

d = vxt

Where d is the distance to the goal (25m), vx is the horizontal component of the initial velocity, and t is the time taken for the ball to reach the goal.

By substituting the values of distance and horizontal velocity into the equation, we can determine the time taken for the ball to reach the goal after being kicked at the correct initial angle and maximum speed.