What was the treaty that ended the Mexican-American War?

What was the main agreement included in The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?

The treaty that ended the Mexican-American War was The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2, 1848, in the city of Guadalupe Hidalgo, located north of Mexico City. This treaty marked the end of the Mexican-American War that began in 1846 and resulted in a decisive victory for the United States.

Main Agreements in the Treaty

The main agreements included in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo were:

  • Mexico recognized the annexation of Texas by the United States.
  • The Rio Grande was established as the southern boundary of Texas.
  • The United States agreed to pay $15 million to Mexico as compensation for the Mexican cession of the territories of California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.
  • The United States also agreed to assume the claims of American citizens against the Mexican government.

Impact of the Treaty

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had a profound impact on both Mexico and the United States. For Mexico, the treaty resulted in the loss of a significant portion of its territory. The cession of California, Arizona, and other southwestern territories to the United States marked a turning point in Mexican history.

For the United States, the treaty significantly expanded its territorial holdings, paving the way for westward expansion and the eventual settlement of the American West. The acquisition of California, in particular, played a crucial role in the economic and demographic growth of the United States.

Overall, The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo remains a pivotal moment in the history of both Mexico and the United States, shaping the geopolitical landscape of North America for decades to come.

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