How to Understand the Formation of the Galápagos Islands

What geological process led to the formation of the Galápagos Islands?

a. Tectonic plate movement
b. Volcanic activity
c. Erosion
d. Glacial activity


b. Volcanic activity

In order to understand how the Galápagos Islands were formed, we need to look at the geological process of volcanic activity. The Galápagos Islands are a group of 16 volcanic islands located 600 miles off the west coast of South America.

These islands were actually formed through volcanic activity. Volcanoes beneath the ocean's surface erupted, and over thousands of years, the lava built up and formed the islands we see today. This continuous process of volcanic activity contributed to the unique geography of the islands.

The volcanic activity not only shaped the physical landscape of the islands but also played a crucial role in the development of different species of plants and animals on each island.

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