Biology: Understanding Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Which of the following is a feature of prokaryotic cells but not eukaryotic cells? The answer is D) DNA in the cell.

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are two major types of cells that exist in living organisms. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences in their features.

Prokaryotic Cells

Prokaryotic cells are simpler in structure compared to eukaryotic cells. They do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotic cells have a cell wall, cell membrane, ribosomes, and a single circular DNA molecule located in the nucleoid region. One of the key features of prokaryotic cells that is not present in eukaryotic cells is the absence of a nucleus.

Eukaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic cells are more complex and larger than prokaryotic cells. They have a nucleus that contains the genetic material (DNA) and membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus. Eukaryotic cells have a defined nucleus that separates the genetic material from the cytoplasm. Unlike prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells have linear DNA that is organized into multiple chromosomes.

In summary, while both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have DNA, the organization and structure of the DNA differ between the two cell types. Prokaryotic cells have a single circular DNA molecule found in the nucleoid region, while eukaryotic cells have linear DNA organized into multiple chromosomes within the nucleus.

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